Most Popular Programming Languages to Learn in 2020
Most Popular Programming Languages to Learn in 2020
One of the most important skills for today is the ability to write a program. After all, computer technology is everywhere, from factories and transport to home appliances. They have greatly simplified our lives.
An ordinary user, as a rule, heard about 3-4 programming languages. But professional coders know that they are many times more. According to various sources, on average today there are between 500 and 5000 programming languages.
But among them, year after year, programmers trust only a dozen (if not less).
One of the largest IT hosts annually publishes statistics on the use and development of programming languages, frameworks and libraries. Their audience includes about 31 million developers and at least 2 million organizations. Therefore, the indicators can be considered quite reliable.
They also published data on the popularity of languages in different parts of the world:
PYPL-index and Tiobe
PYPL and TIOBE are two indices that analyze the popularity of programming languages according to the frequency of search queries. PYPL explores Google trends exclusively, while Tiobe takes data from Youtube, Wikipedia, Bing and other popular systems.
But there is one nuance: PYPL examines only the pages that describe the programming process, and TIOBE creates a rating based on all sites where there is at least a mention of a language. Because it is less accurate. I provide the latest published data so that you can be sure.
I will go to the TIOBE statistics:
You could say that I unreasonably withheld. But I want to provide the results of a survey of programmers conducted by Stackoverflow, drawing attention to some of the details.
Typescript and Ruby in this ranking took 12 and 13 places respectively. But Visual Basic. NET is located at 18, while TIOBE is 6 at index.
Having studied all the statistics, we can distinguish several programming languages that will definitely be a trend in 2020.
Typescript Benefits in 2020 are:
Typescript Disadvantages in 2020 are:
As the statistics of Github and PYPL showed, this language is gaining momentum, and its community is expanding. The documentation is very well designed because it is not so difficult to learn. Despite the shortcomings, it is highly likely that its ratings will increase significantly by 2020.
HTML allows you to organize all the page content. It is also widely used for web page layout and is considered fairly simple to learn. Very often they start their programming path with HTML.
HTML 5 Benefits in 2020 are:
HTML 5 Disadvantages in 2020 are:
It cannot be said that this language will be used by large corporations. Its functionality today is not enough to create sites of the 2020 level. Nevertheless, it is still good for beginners and will often be used to create news portals, online stores and more.
One of the most popular server-side programming languages. According to the latest PYPL statistics, users most often seek training and assistance in working with Python. As a rule, it is used to write scripts and plug-ins. For example, through Python are recorded episodes and actions of characters in games.
It is a universal language with easy to read code. Due to the features of the syntax, programmers need to perform fewer actions to create a plugin than in Java or C ++. Brands like Instagram and Surveymonkey use it. Google, Netflix and Quora cannot do without Python.
Python Benefits in 2020 are:
Python Disadvantages in 2020 are:
Many advice Python to absolute programming weasels for initial learning. Ideally, after 2-3 lessons, you can write a simple code.
Python ratings are growing noticeably. In the past, statistics put it in 4-5 places, but in February 2019 it was already in the first place in the number of search queries. More detailed statistics will be only at the end of the year. But now we can confidently say that this is the main trend among programming languages.
Another popular choice of programmers. This language is widely used by large enterprises to create applications of various kinds. The Java environment is incredibly stable, making it the choice for writing Android applications.
A lot of sites today do not function without Java. It is noteworthy that every year there are more such services. Because of the demand for professionals who are well versed in this programming language, more and more.
Java Benefits in 2020 are:
Java Disadvantages in 2020 are:
What can I say about Java? Strong old fellow, to whom no one has found a replacement. It is a little behind the current pace of technology development. But thanks to the high-quality code compilation and high stability, it still occupies high positions. Recently, there has been a decline in interest in Java, but it is still one of the most desirable languages among programmers.
PHP Benefits in 2020 are:
PHP Disadvantages in 2020 are:
PHP is one of the most controversial trends. If you are up to date, most developers have called it the worst programming language. Moreover, due to the low threshold of knowledge, it is easy to stumble upon an amateur, rather than a qualified specialist.
Nevertheless, already over the years it occupies the top lines and, believe me, in 2020 it will be one of the most popular in the market.
Finally, I want to draw a little of your attention to the little-known, but rapidly developing programming languages. They have great prospects to enter the top 10. Among them are Kotlin, HCL and Go.
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